Internal Displaced People (IDPs)

Our Goals

If people cannot find safety, they will struggle to improve their lives.  PACDA helps those who are recovering from the Somali conflicts and disaster seek protection from harm, build safe communities and understand their human rights.


  • Ensure that people are safe in their homes and receive support when they experience harm
  • Ensure that students are safe in their schools and receive support when they experience harm
  • Ensure that people are safe in their work places and receive support when they experience harm

“Internally Displaced Persons are persons or groups of persons who have been forced or obliged to flee or to leave their homes or places of habitual residence, in particular because of or to avoid the effects of armed conflict, situations of generalized violence, violations of human rights or natural or human-made disasters and who have not crossed an internationally recognized State border”2

Throughout Somalia, an estimated 350,000 of the country’s 7,000,000 inhabitants are internally displaced persons (IDPs) because of protracted conflict and insecurity, have experienced impoverishment, often combined with drought, which induces mass population displacement. Additionally, Somali IDPs have lost most of their assets and sources of livelihood including livestock and land, and have little access to stable employment. Despite a gradual return of IDPs to their locations of origin between 1993 and 1995, violence, food insecurity and water shortages continue to exacerbate the IDP situation. Notably, IDPs constitute nearly half of the estimated 750,000 Somalis who live in a state of chronic humanitarian need.

The zonal breakdown of the figures is summarized as follows:

  • IDP estimates in northwest Somalia is approximately 40,500 persons
  • IDP estimates in northeast Somalia is approximately 30,500 persons
  • IDP estimates caseload in southern and central Somalia, excluding Mogadishu, is approximately 86,000 persons UNCU study 2001
  • IDP estimates in Mogadishu 150,000 persons

Basic needs of vulnerable populations including the following:

  • Adequate shelter
  • Food security
  • Health services
  • Water and sanitation
  • Education and capacity building for sustainable income-generating skills
  • Access to economic opportunities